THE VILLAGE CINEMAS: Adoring a magic box

Old Television

Old Television

In the heart of the villages a television set is worshiped like a deity- every corner of the host house is occupied with an individual who is dressed in a mask hat, gumboots, grey blanket or all of the mentioned.

Eyes all glued to the set, curiosity dragging every soul through the mud, the thorny ground, even on hard rocks mercilessly with suspense.

The ignition of all the joy is brought by the sound and sight of the 20th century fox logo- the audience goes buck wild with elate; chanting and screaming on top of their voices ‘ film, film, film…!’ .

The host homesteads are always full to the brim, as if it’s the last day a movie is played. The funny part is that the audience don’t matter whether they understand what’s being said or not, as long as they are watching they are fine with it. The elderly, whenever they see the logo normally say,

“Son, remember we watched this one yesterday” not realising it’s a different movie with a similar logo.

The audience in the cinema will be stepping on every thing – it be; the mattresses, the sofas, kids or anything- their ultimate motive is to satisfy this animal called desire. Some even attend movies with their pets; dogs and cats, probably some will even bring camels or elephants.

In those gatherings, those who happen to know the film narrate the events from the beginning to the end, even the time a character takes when yarning. They narrate without approval of the audience, those who are not interest are let to keep shut since they know nothing. The interested are often heard saying, “…and after that what’s going to happen?”

Some of the villagers in their discussions happen to reference their topics by, ‘I saw that in so and so Television’ not citing the movie. The young generation after watching the movies sometimes imitate the actors, while the elderly normally think the characters are real- if a character that plays a villain or a prostitute makes unexpected appearance in the village. No doubt, he/she becomes a victim of his/her own role and end up being baptized with scornful words.

For all those who happen to host those multitudes, a big thumb up to YOU, but more especially to the film industries for giving people topics to discuss and exposing them to the motion pictures.

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Courtesy of film proposal

Courtesy of film proposal

It’s a normal perception that great lovers are those who behave like best friends, adhere to a special bond like mother and daughter, laugh like there is no tomorrow- So does friends, since they share the same benefits. One of the distinction between friends and lovers if not major, is that friendship comes into play automatically or rather naturally, but love is maintained on a mutual consent.

As am typing this text and putting my thoughts into play, believe me the lines have blurred between love and friendship; the two relationships now exist on a grey line (between white and black). The sudden Metamorphosis is witnessed and embraced in different manners; negatively or positively. I truly believe there is no law that has been passed by His Majesty’s government, which can hinder me from beginning with the positive side of bringing a friend on board of the love nest if things are not working in order. However, some friends when invited on board manoeuvre their way into a friend’s relationship and finally capture the friend’s lover who is distress.

Come on friend! You have been invited to come and offer a shoulder to cry on, not to incite more chaos to the damage that its music is already rolling on the tapes.

To keep the journey interesting, let’s hop into the negative side of the content as to examine the other side of the coin and explore the two relationships. Invitation of the third party can be annoying to the other partner, since love affair is only made for two; it’s not a group discussion.

Friends should be worthwhile into relationships and avoid being liabilities; lines should be drawn, am real on this one. Even Dionne Warwick supports that statement through her masterpiece ‘That’s what friends are for’ in her Album dubbed Greatest Hits

Friends need each other; hence, a friend in need is a friend indeed.

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Social media utilization has evolved from social interactions, advertising and political demonstrations in recent years. In politics social media has helped influence policy makers to craft policies considering the public expectations not ignoring them, to-date it has been used as a forceful tool to voice the concerns of political malpractices across the globe. This piece of report will be focused on Joseph Estrada Case, the Arab Spring Revolutions in Tunisia, Libya, and Egypt as well as the Occupy Wall Street, Tea Party Movement and lastly The Blackberry Uprisings in the United Kingdom (UK).


Joseph Estrada a former president of the Republic of Philippines was ruled out of office by the use of social media. Whereby, in 2007 Philippines activists used the mobile phones to help disseminate text messages and coordinate actions leading to the fall of Estrada. The uprising was done through the use of mobile short message services (SMS) – close to seven million text messages were sent that week. That initiative made it easy for activist to create effective communication among those who criticised Estrada’s administration; actions like those utilized a smart mob. Manila is now known as one of the effective social networking sites (SNS). The delivery of sms’s mounted pressure on Estrada to such an extent that he decided to resign from the presidency position


Arab spring is a series of revolutionary anti-government protests, which began from Tunisia and spread to parts of North Africa and the Middle East. It all began when Tunisian street vendor Mohammad Bouazizi set himself on fire (self-immolation) in front of the municipality offices. The action of self-immolation is seen as a catalyst of the entire Arab Spring. The protesters even added the issue of the Ben Ali’s son accusing him of living a luxurious life and criticized the outrageous expenditure of President’s family. The critics were done on the websites such that rebellious hackers attacked the government websites; wiki leaks spread around the Tunisian web to expose his son. After the wiki leaks were blocked Tunisians resorted to their cell phones and spread the information through Facebook and twitter. They also uploaded the videos of clashes in the streets on YouTube. The updates of messages portraying images of government forces brutality, enraged the government and ended up being closed, as a result that brought more protests to such an extent Ben Ali’s 23 year rule was over thrown.


In Egypt Social media supported by internet was useful for transmission, gathering news, connection and co-ordination; taking photographs of protesters and people who were ill-treated with mobile phones and satellite TV for global reporting on the whole situation. Facebook and Twitter rapid interaction features helped groups meet and prepare on how to oppose government forces; through teargas attacks. The use of social networks helped a lot such that, the Arab and international audiences were able to learn more about the events through social media, with #Egypt which seemed to take the centre stage. In January 27 2007, the government blocked the internet and telecommunications systems, with that action many organisations and world government condemned the act of social networks shutdown which placed Hosni Mubarak government into extreme pressure.


In 2011 Libya too faced the music of the Arab Spring Revolutions, when protest were organised to demonstrate their opposition to Colonel Muammar Gaddafi administration through social media; a page appeared on Facebook under the name ‘The Uprising of the 17th February, a day for rage in Libya’, by the use of this page Libya, had learned through Tunisia and Egypt. The uprising was done because 1,269 political prisoners were killed in Abusalin prison in Tripoli during Ghaddafi’s rule. The page that had attracted 82,000 likes also posted photos of Ghaddafi’s son living a luxurious life in Europe a sign of corruption regime. The clashes of the government and the civilians were also posted on Facebook and uploaded on YouTube. The government later shut down the internet, because of the rapid excessive smart mobs by protesters and the use of sites posed utmost threat to the government, as a result of the social media Ghaddafi’s rule suffered a blow.


On the 17 September 2011 a group of about 2,000 protesters assembled in lower Manhattan and occupied Zuccoti Park. The motive was to demonstrate the issue of growing economic inequality and the redundant influence of corporations of government. The inequality was perceived to on the ratio of 1:9, where 1% wealthy elites interest were opposed to 99% of the population. Protestors created Facebook sites such as Occupy Together to coordinate mass protests.  Occupiers utilize Twitter to keep the public updated with constant tweets of activities at both protests and General Assembly meetings.  YouTube uploads of police brutality incite public uproar, more individuals participated in General Assembly meetings and decision-making processes within the movement through live streaming technology.  Occupy Wall Street activists were sceptical of the mainstream political system as a vehicle for social change, especially when Barack Obama regime failed to produce changes expected.


Tea Party movements can be traced back to Boston around 2007. The demonstrations are said to be incited by CNBC business commentator Rick Santelli speech in 2009, criticising economic crisis of Obama administration. Within 24h0urs his speech was all over the internet; websites were created in support of his speech and tweets were flowing too. On tax day April 15th thousands of tea parties were held around the country protesting against; taxation and government intervention and spending to the national budget and reduction of states’ rights. The Tea parties are pro Republican; they are capitalists.


The riots in United Kingdom were influenced by Tottenham police brutality. The English were campaigning for the riots on Facebook and twitter, but the Blackberry messenger service has been singled out for the most criticism among all. BBM is so secured; encryption facility ensures users messages are hidden from public view. David Lammy MP for Tottenham even demanded the service should be shut down during riots, Home security Theresa May did meet with representatives of Facebook, Twitter, RIM (the marker of Blackberry) to discuss potential network closures.

Twitter, Facebook and YouTube will no doubt impact the whole world in the coming years, concerning the way their use has escalated and playing a major role in politics.

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Courtesy of XXL Magazine

Courtesy of XXL Magazine

Hip hop has been used as a medium to voice the conscious of various black people, who were considered to be the minority over the majority of the white supremacy rule in the US. The conscious was seen in revolutionary movements such as ‘ The black Panther’ where Tupac Shakur played a major role as the voice of the group with his artistic display of Lyrics. No wonder his mother was part of the movement.

But that’s not its origins, it originated from a Jamaican Disk Jockey (Deejay); DJ Kool Herc, who brought the art of sampling to South Bronx and groups such as Furious Five that included Grandmaster flash emerged, with what is known to be funk hip hop; of which the word hip hop came from Keith Cowboy teasing his soldier friend saying when they matched, they were uttering the word ‘Hip Hop’ in their match.

The funk hip hop used to be played in clubs, but the late 1970 generation invited the conscious element into the family of hip hop, which was witnessed by the emergence of Hip Hop heavy weights such as KRS one, whose name is an acronym for; Knowledge Reigns Supreme over nearly everyone and LL Cool J, whom its believed the name means Ladies Love Cool James. Do you think he is cool? That’s up to you as an individual to confirm the statement

The 20th and 21st century witnessed a twist of the culture; new school Hip Hop was born. The style of delivery and beats changed, new school rap had ambushed all the rights of the culture. As of now the true culture is paralysed and limping; the generation of artist of this age have tattered and torn the culture, with the introduction of artist such as Lil Wayne and his counterparts. They began using the tool called ‘Auto Tune’ which has caused havoc over creativity of those who used hip hop as a self expression.

Eversince then, the game has lost meaning. It’s now known to be the music of outlaws and cats that don’t have anything to say other than to utter insults and brag about riches, girls and expensive cars.

I found my friends dedicating their time listening to Young Thug and Rich Hommie Guan. What I encountered was a real disgrace to the game, the cats (Guan and Thug) were not fully armed for the game, and they just displayed their skill of Auto Tune. You could have watched when my adrenaline started shooting at the utmost pace, but to no avail the guys were already infected.

Yeah! I can’t deny it; I was born in Lesotho not the US. In Lesotho we still have great lyrical architects such as Skebza D, L-Tore, Kislev, Skarra WA Matash, I and others. I am mostly saddened by the misuse of the word.

An individual could really ask on top of his voice “What happened to the game!?” Surely, there won’t be an answer that is worth the question. They would just say we are rapping yet they are injuring the game.

The game only needs a delivery remedy to cure the illness; that has taken control of the young generation of the African soil. The thing with the so called emcees of today is that they do not rap but sing, even Robert Kelly can do better than them.

I do think it’s high time that we boycott this type of genre. For those who care for the culture like I do with undying love, we should stop that by a movement that says #Bring back our Hip Hop.

Eish! I nearly forgot I made a cup of tea let me go and get a sip, I will be back!

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Residents of Katlehong have been leaving peacefully, not until December 2013; when a cow and sheep were stolen, by four unknown men who drove them at night to a slaughter house at Ha-Thamae.

The four sheep belonged to a local farmer Mr Polao Molise and the cow belonged to a police officer Mr Mabeleng.  The night the theft occurred, it looks as though the criminals started with Mr Mabeleng‘s cow and then went to capture Mr Molise‘s sheep.  The place where the sheep are kept is right behind the house owned by Molise, which is rented by students.

“It looks as though, these people knew that the students were not present and that must have been the reason they stole the sheep easily.” said Molise

“Considering the fact that these sheep are not in an open space; they were kept in an inaccessible place, I believe these thieves might have had an informant.” Molise further declared

Few hours after the cow and sheep were stolen, a group of young men followed the tracks of the rope that was fastened to a cow and the fresh cow and sheep dung helped to ease their search.

“My neighbour Thabang went to my place at that night saying he saw a cow that was driven by four men and he suspects it was being stolen. I therefore got dressed and woke up my three peers leaving around me and we followed the tracks.” Said Mr Molefe Tjeboko

Tjeboko declared that they travelled till they reached Lithabaneng, where they were told by villagers that they should go and look for their stolen animals at Ha-Thamae, they were told to meet Ramajoe; the prime suspect of the crime, who denied involvement in that.

When they came back home, they informed Mabeleng about the incident. Mabeleng took with him the police and went to Ha-Thamae and brought the suspect to Pitso Ground Police Station for questioning, and that’s where Ramajoe admitted to having stolen the animals with three friends and it was clear that he was the leader. The police managed to capture three including Ramajoe, the last one is still in hiding.

Since the animals were then slaughtered, the police urged the culprits to compensate the victims.

“I heard that Mr Mabeleng was compensated, but on my side there wasn’t any compensation made nor an attempt or promise. I do wonder whether the police did make a follow up or not.” Said Molise

Makhobalo Mapota, the police officer who resides at Katlehong said that they encouraged people to stick together to fight crime in the community.

“We teach the community about crime and how it affects people; the teachings are done through community gatherings (Lipitso). As for now, since we started involving Police in our gatherings there are no reports of crime within the community” said Namoli Matete, the village chief.

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EFF being taken out of the Parliament during the State of the Nation (SONA)

EFF members being taken out of Parliament


EFF thrown out for disrupting Sona, DA walks out.

The disruption of Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) in parliament demanding the President Jacob Zuma to pay back the money of the state, he used for the construction of his home in Nkandla, they interrupted him while he was about to give out a speech of the State of the Nation Address (SONA).

The journalist intended to show how democracy has been violated by the removal of the EFF members of parliament (mp) and how the incident caused chaos; to such an extent that Democratic Alliance (DA) in support of EFF walked out of parliament and protested against the presence of the armed Police officers. The EFF were removed from the parliament on the orders of National Speaker Baleka Mbete.

The edition expresses sad feelings of the journalist and feeling sorry for EFF, such feelings are seen by the use of quotes from Congress of the People (COPE) leader Mosiuoa Lekota, when he left the chambers saying, “This is not the democracy we fought for.” To further, add to that United Democratic Movement leader Bantu Holomisa was quoted saying. “This is a police state.”

The tone of the presentation of the story is smooth, this is seen through the choice of words such as ‘removal’ not dragged. Unlike other online editions have used.

The style used is persuasive because the journalist makes the audience believe that democracy is limited in South Africa; that is witnessed more when the journalist mentions the presence of the police in the parliament.

The emotion aroused in the reader is that of feeling pity for Malema and the entire EFF party and disliking the speaker of parliament for ordering their removal from the chambers of the National Assembly. The feelings of the audience are provoked to the limit, when Malema is quoted saying, “This is a direct threat to democracy. Police are used to settle political differences. We are not going to stop demanding answers, whether they beat us up or not.”

The image we as the public get is that the place was full of chaos, especially when EFF members were removed from parliament and other parties deciding to leave, on account of the expulsion of the EFF.

Mail and Guardian portrays EFF members to be unjustly treated, especially when South Africa is a free and democratic state. COPE leader even questioned the parliament about the incident. Before leaving the chambers, he questioned the ANC whether is that the democracy they fought for. The edition supports the idea of EFF of demanding ‘when will the money be paid back’. In general the paper shows that it was appropriate for EFF to demand answers and resents the idea of their expulsion.


Fist fights break out in parliament.

The action of dragging out the EFF members from the National Assembly during the State of the Nation Address (SONA) by President Jacob Zuma, after they (EFF) demanded the president to pay back the money used to build his residence in Nkandla.

The intention is to show how the EFF misbehaved, as a result were dragged out of the parliament during the State of the Nation Address (SONA) by Jacob Zuma. The journalist further exposes his/her intention by portraying that EFF members were badly disrupting the President, the intention is supported by the use of quote from National Council of Provinces Chairwoman Thandi Modise declaring that the presiding officers had a right to call in security, “We indeed repeatedly called members during a joint sitting to heed the call to take a seat”. To further reveal the inappropriateness of EFF behaviour, the edition shows that some of the protection officers shirts were ‘ripped off’ and they stood bare-chested as a result of the disruption. According to the edition the shirt tearing happened when police and protection officers were taking the ‘rowdy’ EFFs out of Parliament.

The publication portrays feelings of excitement, when EFF mps were taken out for their inappropriate behaviour, because they had interrupted the President. The edition shows the feeling by adhering to the statement made by Thandi Modise, where she pointed out that all avenues were exhausted as a result they had to call in security.

The journalist uses a rough tone; that is witnessed when she uses words like ‘rowdy EFF mps’ and also showing that the protection officers shirts were ‘ripped off’ and they stood bare-chested as a result of the disruption.

In this edition the style used is informal. The journalist used words such as dragged not removed, rowdy to express the behaviour of the EFF members and ripped off.

The publication makes the audience to really hate EFF, because they are portrayed as lunatics due to the word rowdy, as a result they had to be dragged out of the parliament, especially when all avenues were exhausted and the police and the protection officers had to take centre stage to dissolve the disruption caused by them. The audience are made to believe that the political party behaviour was inappropriate because their disruption caused officers shirts to be ripped off and stand bare-chested.

The image developed by the reader is that the political party disorderly behaviour caused chaos, for that it was good that they were taken out to stop the disruption.

The citizen shows that EFF members were unruly and they deserved what was right for them and they are to be blamed for the disruption at all cost. The paper show that the parliament had to take all measures to make sure the parliament was in an orderly manner, to further show the motive of the paper and convince the audience the journalist quoted saying, “We are empowered to ask for security, whichever security to act. I think we should allow this house to do its business.” To fuel matters the paper shows that when EFF mp Floyd Shivambu confronted a few officers a fight broke out; that is to show that if not of the confrontation there would have been no fight.


South Africa parliament descents into chaos as Zuma gets hostile reception

The removal of the opposition lawmakers the Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) by force from the parliament after interrupted the President when he gave out State of the Nation Address (SONA) in the 8th parliament.

The intention of the journalist is to show how the president received an intimidating welcome from the opposition (EFF) of which are the minor party because the journalist addresses them as lawmakers from the ‘farleft’. The idea of the farleft shows that they are the minor party.

The journalist feels sorry for Jacob Zuma, he/she shows by the use of words such as ‘hostile reception’. Showing that the welcome the president was given wasn’t appropriate for a man of his status. The journalist to further show his sympathy for the president, shows that the president had barely begun speaking when EFF members began interrupting.

The tone used in this edition is a smooth tone. The journalist instead of pointing out that, EFF members commenced the disruption, he/she addresses them as opposition lawmakers and farleft party not calling them a minor opposition party as others would have done. Further, the journalist points out that, there were people who were injured and not being specific, so in that case he/she is trying to be neutral and not reveal straight who were the victims.


The style is moderate to persuasive, this is shown by the formality of the journalist; in his/her address to the EFF calling them the opposition lawmakers. The journalist further shows his/her formality when he/she declares that the speaker ordered their removal, unlike if they had been grabbed and thrown out. However, the journalist persuaded the audience to let loose their pity for Malema, because he/she declares him as a ‘firebrand’ former ANC youth leader.


The reader is made to feel that Jacob Zuma did not deserve disruption, as a result the audience is forced to sympathize with him and dislike Malema actions. The reader is also forced to be relieved after the EFF members were taken out, because the edition emphasizes that ‘Zuma then delivered his speech to claps and cheers of support.’


Image developed by the reader is that Malema and his allies are obstinate and disrespectful because they interrupt the president by giving him a hostile reception in parliament especially when he was about to give the annual address of the progression of the A.N.C and the country at large, and its plans for the year ahead.

The paper presents the story in a balanced way, even though they portrayed the inappropriateness of Malema’s behaviour. They took his views into attention when he said, “we have seen that we are part of the police state.” Also, the views of the opposition leaders who later went out of parliament, the Democratic Alliance (DA), when DA parliamentary leader Mmusi Maimane said Mbete’s decision to call for security officers undermined democracy in South Africa.

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A shift of characters in the taxi rank


Butha Buthe taxi rank

Festive season over the years has witnessed a shift of characters in its self. It’s surely like Santa Claus gift bag; it has every character an individual would like to wear and look smart or weird in. In its bargain it has everything to the extreme, especially when it comes to the taxi rank- individuals witness things that send cold shivers to their whole bodies; extreme noise of hooters, ear-splitting passengers, noisy hairstyles, thunderous body gestures to name but a few, as a result the entire atmosphere becomes roaring.

As healthy as I look, an individual should understand I was born and bred in the outskirts of Butha Buthe town at the place called Ha­-Belo. I had been shopping in that town ever since I popped my eyes out of the sockets and saw the sun, but the metamorphosis of characters I did witness the buried festive were extreme.

An individual in January is mild and cool, but come festive season especially in the late afternoon hours when everyone wants to get to the comfort of their homes in the long propagating queues, that’s where an individual witnesses the effects of the festive season. To share the secret I was one of the individuals on those endless queues, yes! I admit without hesitation that I was a victim of those too.

Still waiting on the endless queues for our respective turns to enjoy the comfort of the ride, out of a sudden one stout female passenger who had maneuvered and got into the ride sneaked through the backseat window forcing herself out with half of her body in the ride, started inciting chaos by shouting at her daughters who were at the extreme end of the queue on top of her voice.

“You two! Why didn’t you get into the car, give me a good reason for still being on that queue?” that was her with a hoarse voice.

In response to that one of the daughters answered smoothly, “Mommy we are still waiting for our turn.”

You could have seen when tempers of the passengers gushed and their adrenaline shooting enormously from her silly question. I perceived danger since she had poked a snake with a stick from its hole. After that, the situation started to get ugly second by second. After a few seconds, that’s where I realized I had perceived danger the wrong way, the ferocity of the woman was intense. The anger of the passengers by then seemed to have provoked the lion out of its den. Damn it, the woman was well guarded, it appeared their bitterness had provoked the fury of the woman and the situation started to get a diverse twist; its channel migrated from the daughters to the entire passengers who were at the queue. She started feeding every human being on the line vulgar words.

One of the passengers turned his face towards mine and inquired, “What’s wrong with this woman?”

In response to his massage I said, “Keep shut, do you want more?”

By then the taxi rank was buzzing, everyone wanted to know what was wrong with that woman. I just smiled slightly and thought to myself that this woman was experiencing a festive fever.

Luck is never bought it just comes unexpected, I was witness to that when the driver of the car, inserted his key into the ignition and drove away from the platform, but no doubt the woman had left everyone with their mouth open and jaws jammed.

Yah, that’s how the taxi rank behaviour metamorphose; from good to worst especially when the season permits.

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